Benefits of Wood Pellets

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  • Efficient - Wood pellets are an efficient source of heat because they contain very low levels of moisture and ash when compared to wood chips or cordwood or other biomass in general. Virtually all of the material is burned and converted into heat. 
  • Cost-effective - Wood pellets are economically competitive compared to fossil fuel options and electric heat. Relative to other heating alternatives, pellet fuel prices are less volatile. 
  • Convenient - For residential consumption, bags of pellets are easy to store. Bags of pellets pour directly into a stove hopper, and regulating the rate at which the fuel flows into the hopper is very easy given the small, uniform size of the pellets. For industrial consumption, loose pellets are stored in specific compartments with automatic feeders to the furnaces/burners.
  • Environmentally responsible - Wood pellets are a sustainable fuel source, and burning wood pellets is carbon neutral. 
  • Renewable - Wood pellets are a biomass product made of wood waste or other forest-thinning byproducts. According to data collected by the Pellet Fuels Institute (in NorthAmerica), wood pellets are an unlimited fuel source. 
  • Locally produced - Wood pellet factories provide jobs, support local economies and can lead to energy independence.

Pellet manufacturers take by-products (like wood waste) and refine them into pencil sized pellets that are uniform in size, shape, moisture, density and energy content. Why not simply burn raw biomass? First, the moisture content of pellets is substantially lower (4% to 8% water, compared to 30% to 60% for raw biomass). Less moisture means higher calorific value and easier handling, especially in freezing situations with green raw biomass materials. Second, the quantity of ashes has been dramatically reduced to a standard usually below 0.7%. Third, the density of pellet fuel is substantially higher than raw biomass. Therefore more fuel can be transported in a given space (truck, container, railcar, vessel), and more energy can be stowed at the end-user’s site. Fourth, pellets are more easily and predictably handled. Their uniform shape and size allow for smaller and simpler feeding systems, which help reduce costs. This high density and uniform shape fuel can be stored in standard silos, transported in rail cars when and where available, and delivered in trucks or shipped into overseas containers.


Pellets pose none of the explosion risks or environmental pollution from spills as nonrenewable fossil fuels do.


The remarkable consistency and burn efficiency of pellet fuel produces a fraction of the particulate emissions of raw biomass. Pellet burners feature the lowest particulate matter emissions of all solid fuel burners. When you heat with any wood products or biomass (including wood pellets), carbon dioxide is always released into the atmosphere. But trees absorb this carbon dioxide in equal amounts as they grow. As mentioned before, burning pellets does not increase the amount of this greenhouse gas in the atmosphere. On the other hand, arsenic, carbon monoxide, sulphur and the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide are just a few of the air and water pollutants resulting from the use of all “non-renewable fossil fuels” such as natural gas, oil derivatives and coal used for heating and as energy source. Even if the supply of non-renewable fossil fuel were unlimited, the economic and associated environmental costs of transporting and burning ever-increasing amounts of non-renewable fossil fuels would simply be unsustainable. In fact, since pellets can burn more efficiently (system efficiency averages at 90%) than other fuels, emissions from pellet burners meet even the most stringent environmental requirements. Any remaining ash in the burn chamber of a wood pellet furnace/burner, when removed, is of little quantity and of little consequence. Once the ash is emptied periodically, it can actually double as a fertilizer.


Finally, the use of wood pellets poses no soil or water contamination risks. A spill can be cleaned with a shovel, and not through the employment of a hazardous waste crew.

Forest  Products International,  Inc.

1395 Lime Drive
Melbourne, Florida  32935 - USA




Fax +1-321-622-6286

Cell +1-321-436-5157


Skype ID:  groverelli

Giulio Roverelli – President